Rare earth is unloaded from a ship onto a quay at the Port of Lianyungang, east Chinas Jiangsu province, China.
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Reuters Connect/Wang chun

Luc Leruth (Tbilisi University), Adnan Mazarei (PIIE), Pierre Régibeau (European Commission) and Luc Renneboog (Tilburg University)

As governments pivot away from fossil fuels, preserving access to the minerals vital for renewable energy production, electric vehicles, and batteries will take on heightened importance. But mineral supply chains are vulnerable; production is geographically concentrated and new analysis of firm ownership structures reveals a handful of countries exert significant control over supply, most notably China.

The Peterson Institute for International Economics building is open on a limited basis. Employees and visitors must be fully vaccinated, with a booster shot, and verify vaccination records before entering the building by registering with CrowdPass, a HIPAA-compliant web application service.

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Reuters Connect/Wang chun

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