Critical minerals that underpin green technologies are vital to the Biden administration's plans to combat climate change, rebuild the US semiconductor industry, and reduce dependence on China. China dominates critical mineral supply chains, and diversifying suppliers is a challenge the United States and its allies in the European Union and East Asia all share. Panelists discuss current US and EU approaches to building resilience in green energy supply chains and their compatibility with international trade rules, the role of major critical mineral exporters like Indonesia, and how to foster closer policy coordination among producing and consuming countries.
A Q&A with PIIE executive vice president and director of studies Marcus Noland follows.
Executive Vice President and Director of Studies, PIIE
Cullen S. Hendrix
Senior Fellow, PIIE
Nonresident Senior Fellow, PIIE; former Commissioner for Trade, European Commission
Mari Elke Pangestu
Professor of International Economics, University of Indonesia; former Managing Director of Development Policy and Partnerships, World Bank; former Minister for Trade, Indonesia