The Winter of Their Discontent: Pyongyang Attacks the Market

Stephan Haggard (PIIE) and Marcus Noland (PIIE)
Policy Brief
January 2010

North Korea's confiscatory currency reform and the subsequent ban on the use of foreign currencies are economically misguided policies and will result in the reduction of North Korean residents' welfare. These developments come at an inopportune time with the country facing economic stagnation, spiraling prices, and a resurgence of food shortages. North Korea has made no attempt to veil its motivations: strengthening the socialist economy by directly attacking the market and the independence from state control that it represents. Stephan Haggard and Marcus Noland posit that these policies will require a ratcheting up of already high levels of repression, and as long as the state lacks the resources and capacity to provide goods to its citizens, the effort is unlikely to significantly contribute to the stated goal of rebuilding socialism or eradicating the market. The open questions are whether the policies will be reversed and whether they have sown such discontent as to threaten political stability. The survival instincts of North Korea's determined, resilient citizens may very well make the market a locus of precisely the political activity the regime seeks to thwart.

More From

Stephan Haggard Senior Research Staff
Marcus Noland Senior Research Staff

More on This Topic

North Korea: Witness to Transformation
March 23, 2018
North Korea: Witness to Transformation
January 5, 2018
North Korea: Witness to Transformation
December 20, 2017