A man pays a vendor at a fruit stand in Brasilia, Brazil. May 9, 2023.

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Monetary policy in Latin America: The easing cycle has begun

Policy Briefs 23-16
Photo Credit: REUTERS/Adriano Machado


Latin America’s central banks acted promptly and decisively to contain the medium-term consequences of the global inflation shock. Since then, however, headline and core inflation have come down within the region, real growth has slowed, and the US Federal Reserve appears to have settled on a (however brief) pause of its own tightening cycle. Werner says the time has come for a gradual return to looser financial conditions in Latin America. Brazil, Chile, and Peru have already started the process of cutting rates, and there seems to be significant space to continue; Mexico should follow, with Colombia waiting for more clear signals.

Data Disclosure:

The data underlying this analysis can be downloaded here [zip].

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