Women in most advanced economies were more likely to work in 2017 than 10 years earlier, after adjusting for the effects of population aging. However, in the United States, there was almost no change. Between 2007 and 2017, employment rates for women in the United States rose 0.2 percentage point while other advanced economies saw an average rise of 3.9 percentage points. The United States still ranked above average in 2017 because it had higher female employment rates initially. Some evidence shows that policies like flexible workplaces, paid leave, and childcare subsidies have been important in explaining differential trends in female employment rates between the United States and other advanced economies.
This PIIE Chart is adapted from Jason Furman and Wilson Powel III's blog post, Why Have Employment Rates in the United States Lagged Other Countries?