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RealTime Economic Issues Watch Pension Reform in Bulgaria—Increasing Youth Unemployment
Simeon Djankov — April 27, 2015
Like many countries in Eastern Europe and the developed world generally, Bulgaria faces the challenge of unfunded liabilities in its pension system. Reforming the system has been debated in Bulgaria over the past decade. Recent proposals for reform, including the introduction of higher social sec ...

China Economic Watch Chart of the Week: China Ends its Exports Tax for Rare Earths
Sarah Oliver — April 27, 2015
This week, China announced that it was ending its export tax on rare earth minerals, essential components of many electronics, including computers and smartphones.  This ann ...

Policy Brief 15-6 From Rapid Recovery to Slowdown: Why Recent Economic Growth in Latin America Has Been Slow [pdf]
José De Gregorio — April 27, 2015
José De Gregorio finds that the recent growth slowdown in Latin America was not caused by external factors but was mostly cyclical in nature and a result of low productivity growth.

North Korea: Witness to Transformation Josh Stanton on North Korea as a State Sponsor of Terror
Kevin Stahler — April 27, 2015
This afternoon, from 6 – 7:30 PM, Joshua Stanton will present his new report “Arsenal of Terror: North Korea, State Sponsor of Terrorism” sponsored and commissioned by the Committee for Human Rights in North Korea (HRNK) at the National ...

Op-ed Is Economic Openness an "Enemy of the People"?
Monica de Bolle — April 24, 2015
Protectionist arguments reflect an intense concern over specific groups that would lose from increased openness without taking stock of the countless others who would benefit from liberalization.

RealTime Economic Issues Watch Brazil's Adjustment: It's (not) Mostly Fiscal
Monica de Bolle — April 23, 2015
Much has been said recently about the urgent need for fiscal adjustment in Brazil. Finance Minister Joaquim Levy conveyed this message during his trip to Washington in April, and President Dilma Rousseff began her second term in office in January by moving toward the removal of key price distorti ...

Trade and Investment Policy Watch Crude Oil Export Controls: A Trifecta of Bad Policy
Gary Clyde Hufbauer — April 23, 2015
It’s rare to find a policy that combines bad economics with harmful national security overtones and, at the same time, violates US obligations to the world trading system. But US restrictions on crude oil exports are just that rare bird.

RealTime Economic Issues Watch The IMF's Harmful Debt Restructuring Proposal
Angel Ubide — April 22, 2015
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) executive board will soon decide how far to go in imposing costs on creditors when a country requests large scale IMF assistance. Early indications based on current staff proposals are that its decision will weaken the international financial architecture ...

RealTime Economic Issues Watch What Prevents Pension Reform in Russia?
Simeon Djankov — April 22, 2015
The Russian finance minister, Anton Siluanov, announced in mid-April that without a major pension reform later this year, next year's budget would be in jeopardy. Shortly afterwards, the press secretary of President Vladimir Putin, Dmtriy Peskov, said that nothing of that sort would take place ...

News Release Anders Borg Joins the Peterson Institute for International Economics
April 20, 2015
Washington—The Peterson Institute for International Economics is pleased to welcome Anders Borg as a nonresident senior fellow beginning April 2015. Borg served as Sweden's Minister for Finance from 2006 to 2014, where he earned wide prai ...

Policy Brief 15-5 How Not to Regulate Insurance Markets: The Risks and Dangers of Solvency II [pdf]
Avinash D. Persaud — April 20, 2015
Avinash Persaud assesses the risks and dangers of Solvency II, the new EU directive for regulating insurance companies, and recommends an alternative approach.

RealTime Economic Issues Watch Ukraine's Bond Restructuring: Surgery, Conspiracy, and Campaign
Anna Gelpern — April 17, 2015
Debt restructuring is the second largest source of outside financing for Ukraine's new International Monetary Fund (IMF) program [pdf]. The Fund itself brings $17.5 billion over four ...

RealTime Economic Issues Watch Russia's Bond: It's Official! (... and Private ... and Anything Else It Wants to Be ...)
Anna Gelpern — April 17, 2015
Ukraine's bond restructuring talks are in high gear, and, as ever, Russia is the trouble du jour. Not only is it threatening to hold out in the bond deal and take Ukraine to arbitration, Russia also seems ...

News Release New Book on Ukraine Calls for Sweeping Political, Economic, and Government Reforms
April 17, 2015
WASHINGTON—Ukraine, facing an existential crisis after years of political, economic, and military turmoil, must undertake sweeping reforms to achieve prosperity and independence, according to a new book by Anders Åslund published by th ...

Trade and Investment Policy Watch A Big Step Forward for the US Trade Agenda
Jeffrey J. Schott — April 16, 2015
Eight years after the expiration of Trade Promotion Authority (TPA), congressional leaders finally tabled a new bill that could expedite the conclusion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade agreement between the United States and 11 other countries.



Bank of Mexico Governor Agustín Carstens

Challenges for Emerging Economies' Central Banks in the Face of Quantitative Easing in Advanced Economies

Bank of Mexico Governor Agustín Carstens delivers the Institute's 15th annual Stavros Niarchos Foundation Lecture.

Ilan Goldfajn

Latin America: From Recovery to Slowdown

Ilan Goldfajn, former deputy governor at the Central Bank of Brazil, and Jose De Gregorio, former governor of the Central Bank of Chile, discuss emerging risks in Latin America.

Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem

Further Steps towards a Thriving Economic and Monetary Union

Eurogroup President Jeroen Dijsselbloem, discusses how to secure a thriving Economic and Monetary Union.

Anders Aslund

Ukraine: What Went Wrong and How to Fix It

Anders Åslund presents the findings of his latest book on Ukraine, followed by comments from Ukrainian ministers Natalie Jaresko and Aivaras Abromavicius.

Commissioner Margrethe Vestager

Agenda for European Competition Policy

Commissioner Margrethe Vestager lays out her agenda for European competition policy over the next five years.

Indian Finance Minister Arun Jaitley

Tax Reforms in India: Vision for the Future

Indian Finance Minister Arun Jaitley discusses the crucial overhaul of India's indirect tax system.


The Case Against Secular Stagnation

Four PIIE experts say that, contrary to the arguments of some experts, the world economy is not afflicted by "secular stagnation," and that significant untapped economic potential in Europe and China combined with better fiscal policies can spur economic growth.


Benefits to the US Economy in Eight Charts

The benefits to the US economy from cross-border trade and investment are narrated and visualized through eight charts. They focus on the significant growth of two-way trade and investment, higher earnings in export-intensive industries, and the changing nature of trade in a globalized economy.


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